ex: Harry +Potter will return results with the word 'Potter'.
ex: Harry -Potter will return results without the word 'Potter'.
ex: Harry AND Potter will return results with both 'Harry' and 'Potter'.
ex: Harry OR Potter will return results with just 'Harry', results with just 'Potter' and results with both 'Harry' and 'Potter'.
ex: Harry NOT Potter will return results without the word 'Potter'.
ex: "Harry Potter" will return any results with 'Harry Potter' in them, but not 'Potter Harry'.
ex: Pot*er will return results with words starting with 'Pot' and ending in 'er'. In this case, 'Potter' will be a match.
In 1914, the newspaper map or newsmap began to supply readers with the geographical backdrop to the Great War, an important tool in explaining the progress of the war to the public at home.
Day by day, for every campaign and battle, readers across the nation were deluged with maps, both in the pages of newspapers and pasted up in town and city streets, allowing them to follow Australian and Allied exploits. Drawn from scant news cables, out of date cartography, and the writer's imagination, a semi-fictional war story emerged, of ANZAC successes and, sometimes, disasters.
Our boys were in Egypt, Palestine, Gallipoli, Belgium, Germany and France, in towns and villages most Australians had never heard of. Soon, these places were being discussed, with growing expertise, over maps in homes, pubs, churches and clubs. Those following the war at home were never allowed too close, as censorship rules dictated when maps could be published. Yet 'Where Are Our Boys?' is not simply about propaganda. Maps in newspapers tracked the war's many campaigns and the exploits of our boys, but most impportantly allowed those at home to feel close to their brothers, husbands, fathers, uncles, neighbours and cousins. Maps naturally became central to commemorating events, people and places.
The war produced more maps than any time before in history, giving us along the way some of the most beautiful, and sometimes misleading, maps ever published. 'Where Are Our Boys?' tells the story of how the war was fought and won from the opening salvos in 1914 to Gallipoli and victory on the Western Front. In the end, though, these maps were needed most to help understand the conflict and to comprehend the great human costs.
This most impressive publication does more than justice to its title. It is literally a book of substance - printed on kaolin-coated paper that makes it comfortable reading on a tabletop - it is a splendidly illustrated pictorial journey from the days of Ptolemy to the twentieth century.
Dr Martin Woods, Head of Maps at the National Library of Australia, has used every resource available to convince his readers of the impact that newsmaps had upon the lives of Australians (and other cultures) during the Great War. The inclusion of Australia and the German and Japanese territories as an inset on the Kitchener Political & Strategical War Map of Europe inspired patriotic Australian to send their men to the front. An eager public consumed thousands of maps published by numerous businesses to keep abreast of what was happening to husbands, sons and brothers overseas. Incorporated flags could be cut up to create a ‘battle map'. Larger, more substantial maps appeared either in shop windows or within the shops themselves.
The maps often contained inset of tables of the relative strengths and armaments of the belligerents and sometimes an artist's impression of a major action. With the map often embedded in a page describing ‘the heroic actions of our boys against "the barbarians"', this was ‘spin' and propaganda of the highest order. Censorship, partial information and delays meant the picture painted for the Australian community often bore little resemblance to reality. Woods has been very generous by including examples of various newspapers as they reported the same event. It is indeed easy to become embroiled (with a magnifying glass) in reading the many pages of newsprint that accompany the maps.
Always underlying reports were the pleas for enlistees to go and help their fellow Australians in arms. Newsmaps were a major part of the drive to ensure military numbers were kept as close as possible to the level for efficient operation of the divisions overseas. Even state recruiting zones appear on local maps. Towards the end of the war animation was used on warmaps in the first ‘newsreels' - something we take for granted today. The public was always ready to cue outside newspaper offices to be first to get the latest news. It was with great ceremony in November 1918 when one young man removed a ribbon signifying ehe Hindenberg Line from "The Argus" map of Europe outside its publishing offices.
The role of warmaps to ‘keep the public in the loop' (theoretically at least), to push the Allies' propaganda and encourage recruitment is beyond doubt. Wood's book does full justice to the importance of, and the development of technology involved in the creation of these maps during the four years of the Great War.The Royal United Services Institute of Victoria Library wishes to thank the publisher for providing a copy for review.