In order to get more accurate results, our search has the following Google-Type search functionality:
If you use '+' in front of a word, then that word will be present in the search results.
ex: Harry +Potter will return results with the word 'Potter'.
If you use '-' in front of a word, then that word will be absent in the search results.
ex: Harry -Potter will return results without the word 'Potter'.
If you use 'AND' between two words, then both of those words will be present in the search results.
ex: Harry AND Potter will return results with both 'Harry' and 'Potter'.
If you use 'OR' between two words, then bth of those words may or may not be present in the search results.
ex: Harry OR Potter will return results with just 'Harry', results with just 'Potter' and results with both 'Harry' and 'Potter'.
If you use 'NOT' before a word, then that word will be absent in the search results.
ex: Harry NOT Potter will return results without the word 'Potter'.
Placing '""' around words will perform a phrase search. The search results will contain those words in that order.
ex: "Harry Potter" will return any results with 'Harry Potter' in them, but not 'Potter Harry'.
Using '*' in a word will perform a wildcard search. The '*' signifies any number of characters. Searches can not start with a wildcard.
ex: Pot*er will return results with words starting with 'Pot' and ending in 'er'. In this case, 'Potter' will be a match.
'The rats I frighten away by throwing books or anything hard at the spot at which they commence their gnawing,' wrote emigrant Janet Ronald in her journal kept aboard the Invincible in 1857.
Packed in cheek by jowl with fellow passengers and crew, life on board the ships transporting convicts and free settlers from Britain and Ireland to Australia in the nineteenth century was rigidly defined by social class: lower-class passengers dined on homemade concoctions of mutton fat pudding and preserved potatoes, while those travelling first-class enjoyed elaborate multi-course dinners, including fresh meat, slaughtered on board.
Navigating the social mores on these giant floating microcosms was only half the story. Amid the chronicles of flirtations and hijinks, odours and rats, nineteenth-century diaries capture tales of despotic captains, disease and domestic discord. From those sailing under servitude to emigrants seeking a new life, the people who braved the journey changed Australia.
Between 1787 and 1900, over 1.6 million immigrants, including around 160 400 convicts, travelled to Australia by ship in search of a better life. Nearly half of these were government assisted emigrants, mostly from the British Isles, who were offered free emigration to the expanding Australian colonies.
Many of these journeys lasted more than 100 days, non-stop, and the men, women and children onboard endured raging seas and temperature extremes en route to their new lives. Passengers formed social communities, putting on plays, developing lasting relationships and taking part in wild nautical rituals. Many also kept diaries to chronicle life on board.
In High Seas & High Teas: Voyaging to Australia, PHA (NSW & ACT) member Roslyn Russell uses passenger diary entries and shipboard newspaper clippings from various vessels to provide an insight into what it was like to leave one life for another and sail across the world into the unknown.
The book looks at the reality of life on board, from cramped conditions, convict companions, unpalatable food, disease, rough weather and boredom, to the community and relationships established on a life-changing journey. High Seas & High Teas provides a compelling look at the sea voyages of migrants who shaped Australia. The foreword by Kerry O'Brien also details his ancestors' voyages to Australia in the nineteenth century.